Using Stack and IndexedStack in Flutter

Last updated on March 2, 2022 A Goodman Loading... Post a comment

Flutter offers a lot of built-in widgets that can help us make gorgeous applications without writing too much code or installing too many third-party libraries just for building user interfaces.

In this article, we will take a look at the Stack and IndexedStack widgets and go over some examples of using them in practice.

Overview

Both Stack and IndexedStack can take a list of widgets as their children. The difference is that Stack can display its children overlap each other while IndexedStack shows only one of its children at a time.

  • Stack positions its children relative to the edges of its box. The stack sizes itself to contain all the non-positioned children.
  • IndexedStack displays the child which is given index. The size of IndexedStack depends on the size of the largest child.

Stack example

Screenshot:

The full code:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(const MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  const MyApp({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return const MaterialApp(
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      title: 'Kindacode.com',
      home: HomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatelessWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(title: const Text('Kindacode.com')),
        body: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(20),
          child: Center(
            // The stack here
            child: Stack(
              alignment: AlignmentDirectional.center,
              children: [
                Container(
                  width: 250,
                  height: 250,
                  color: Colors.amber,
                ),
                Container(
                  width: 100,
                  height: 400,
                  color: Colors.purple,
                ),
                Container(
                  width: 400,
                  height: 100,
                  color: Colors.red,
                )
              ],
            ),
          ),
        ));
  }
}

IndexedStack example

This sample app contains three boxes with three different colors. It also has a floating button. When the user press this button, the current box will disappear and another will show up.

Preview:

The complete code:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(const MyApp());
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  const MyApp({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return const MaterialApp(
      debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
      title: 'Kindacode.com',
      home: HomePage(),
    );
  }
}

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  const HomePage({Key? key}) : super(key: key);

  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage> {
  int index = 0;
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(title: const Text('Kindacode.com')),
      body: Center(
        child: IndexedStack(
          index: index,
          children: [
            // Index = 0
            Container(
              width: 400,
              height: 400,
              color: Colors.amber,
              alignment: Alignment.center,
              child: const Text(
                '0',
                style: TextStyle(fontSize: 100),
              ),
            ),
            // Index = 1
            Container(
              width: 400,
              height: 400,
              color: Colors.purple,
              alignment: Alignment.center,
              child: const Text('1', style: TextStyle(fontSize: 100)),
            ),
            // Index = 2
            Container(
              width: 400,
              height: 400,
              color: Colors.red,
              alignment: Alignment.center,
              child: const Text('2', style: TextStyle(fontSize: 100)),
            )
          ],
        ),
      ),
      floatingActionButton: FloatingActionButton(
        child: const Icon(Icons.refresh_rounded),
        onPressed: () {
          setState(() {
            if (index == 2) {
              index = 0;
            } else {
              index = index + 1;
            }
          });
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

API

Stack

Constructor:

Stack({
  Key? key, 
  AlignmentGeometry alignment = AlignmentDirectional.topStart,   
  TextDirection? textDirection, 
  StackFit fit = StackFit.loose, 
  lip clipBehavior = Clip.hardEdge, 
  List<Widget> children = const <Widget>[]
})

Common properties:

PropertyTypeDescription
childrenList<Widget>The children widgets
alignmentAlignmentGeometryAligns the non-positioned and partially-positioned children
fitStackFit(StackFit.loose, StackFit.expand, StackFit.passthrough)
Controls the constraints of non-positioned children
clipBehaviorClipDetermines whether the content will be clipped or not

IndexedStack

Constructor:

IndexedStack({
  Key? key, 
  AlignmentGeometry alignment = AlignmentDirectional.topStart,
  TextDirection? textDirection, 
  StackFit sizing = StackFit.loose, 
  int? index = 0, 
  List<Widget> children = const <Widget>[]
})

Common properties:

PropertyTypeDescription
indexintThe index of the child that is displayed
childrenList<Widget>The children widgets

Wrap Up

We have learned about the Stack and IndexedStack widgets and walked through a few examples of using them in applications. To continue learning more interesting stuff about Flutter, you can read some of the following articles:

You can also take a tour around our Flutter topic page and Dart topic page to see the latest tutorials and examples.

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