Tailwind CSS: How to Create Image Modals (Image Lightboxes)

Last updated on July 3, 2022 Pennywise Loading... Post a comment

This practical article walks you through a complete example of creating image modals (image lightboxes) with Tailwind CSS and pure Javascript (it’s totally fine if you don’t have much experience with this programming language).

Example Preview

The sample webpage we’re going to build has an image grid. When a thumbnail (a small image) is clicked, a modal dialog with the large size image (associated with the thumbnail) will show up. In the top right corner, there is a close button.

Here’s how it works:

The Code

Here’s the full source code that produces the demo above:

<!doctype html>
<html>

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <script src="https://cdn.tailwindcss.com"></script>
    <title>KindaCode.com</title>
</head>

<body>
    <h1 class="mt-10 mb-5 text-center text-3xl">Welcome to KindaCode.com</h1>
    <h3 class="mb-10 text-center text-xl">Image Modal/Lightbox Example</h3>

    <!-- Image gird -->
    <div class="p-20 grid grid-cols-4 gap-5">
        <img class="w-full h-full object-cover cursor-pointer"
            src="https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-4.jpeg" alt="Flower"
            onclick="showModal('https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-4.jpeg')" />

        <img class="w-full h-full object-cover cursor-pointer"
            src="https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-3.jpeg" alt="Flower"
            onclick="showModal('https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-3.jpeg')" />

        <img class="w-full h-full object-cover cursor-pointer"
            src="https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-2.jpeg" alt="Flower"
            onclick="showModal('https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-2.jpeg')" />

        <img class="w-full h-full object-cover cursor-pointer"
            src="https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-1.jpeg" alt="Flower"
            onclick="showModal('https://www.kindacode.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/flower-1.jpeg')" />
    </div>

    <!-- The Modal -->
    <div id="modal"
        class="hidden fixed top-0 left-0 z-80 w-screen h-screen bg-black/70 flex justify-center items-center">

        <!-- The close button -->
        <a class="fixed z-90 top-6 right-8 text-white text-5xl font-bold" href="javascript:void(0)"
            onclick="closeModal()">&times;</a>

        <!-- A big image will be displayed here -->
        <img id="modal-img" class="max-w-[800px] max-h-[600px] object-cover" />
    </div>

    <script>
        // Get the modal by id
        var modal = document.getElementById("modal");

        // Get the modal image tag
        var modalImg = document.getElementById("modal-img");

        // this function is called when a small image is clicked
        function showModal(src) {
            modal.classList.remove('hidden');
            modalImg.src = src;
        }

        // this function is called when the close button is clicked
        function closeModal() {
            modal.classList.add('hidden');
        }
    </script>
</body>

</html>

Note: Images in the preceding example are from Pixabay, used under the Pixabay License for tutorial purposes.

Explanations

The modal is hidden by default, thanks to the hidden utility class. When a thumbnail image is clicked, we show the modal by removing the hidden utility. We also display the image in the modal by passing the corresponding URL to the showModal function:

function showModal(src) {
      modal.classList.remove('hidden');
      modalImg.src = src;
 }

The modal is set to fixed with a dark transparent background. Its z-index is set to a high value to ensure nothing can eclipse it.

Making the modal go away is quite simple:

function closeModal() {
      modal.classList.add('hidden');
}

Conclusion

We’ve examined an end-to-end example of implementing image modals with Tailwind CSS and vanilla Javascript. You can modify the code, add some things, remove some things, and adjust some values to improve it as you wish.

If you’d like to explore more new and interesting stuff about modern web technologies, take a look at the following articles:

You can also check out our CSS category page for the latest tutorials and examples.

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