How to Change the Base Path in React

Updated: March 3, 2023 By: A Goodman One comment

This short and straight-to-the-point article shows you how to set a base path for a React app created with create-react-app and using React Router.

The Prefatory Matter

There might be situations where you want to run your React app with a base path (a URL prefix for all routes), such as your app is served from a subdirectory on your server, or you deploy multiple apps under a single domain.

These are some common real-world use cases:

The Solution

To configure the base URL, set the basename prop of the <BrowserRouter> component (imported from react-router-dom) to a string, like so:

import { BrowserRouter, Routes, Route } from 'react-router-dom'

function App() {
  return (
    <BrowserRouter basename='/your-subdirectory'>
       {/* ... */}

basename will be automatically added to every route of your app.

Before building your project for production, open the package.json file and add this line:

"homepage": "/your-subdirectory",

Here’s mine:

This will make sure that all the asset paths are relative to the index.html file when you deploy your build in the your-subdirectory folder (in my case, it is kindacode).


This example uses React Router v6 (the latest one). The tiny app we’re going to make has two routes:

  • /: Home
  • /sample: SamplePage

The base path is /kindacode. Here’s how it works:

And here is the complete source code that produces our example:

// src/App.js
import { BrowserRouter, Routes, Route, Link } from 'react-router-dom'

function App() {
  return (
    <BrowserRouter basename='/kindacode'>
        <Route path='/' element={<HomePage />} />
        <Route path='/sample' element={<SamplePage />} />

// Home page
const HomePage = () => {
  return <div style={{padding: 30}}>
    <h1>Home Page</h1>
    <p><Link to="/sample">Go to Sample page</Link></p>

// Sample Page
const SamplePage = () => {
  return <div style={{padding: 30}}>
    <h1>Sample Page</h1>

export default App;


You’ve learned how to change the base path for a React app for both development and production. If you’d like to explore more new and exciting about modern React, take a look at the following articles:

You can also check our React category page and React Native category page for the latest tutorials and examples.

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1 year ago

Hello Kindacode, the above method is adding “basename” to assets, no doubt. But how we can use the basename to pages’ links?
Should we use before each link something like $base_url ?

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